What Is In Vitro Fertilization?

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In vitro (IVF) fertilization is a reproductive assisted technology (ART). This includes the gathering of eggs from the ovaries of a woman and the insemination with sperm. The fertilized egg is referred to as an embryo. The embryo may then be frozen for storage or moved to a woman’s uterus. You can opt in vitro fertilization in chennai.

Infertility issues for which IVF may be necessary include:

  • Lower fertility among women over 40 years of age 
  • Fallopian tubes blocked or destroyed 
  • Ovarian reduced function 
  • Endometriotic disorder 
  • Fibroids of the uterus 
  • Male infertility, such as low sperm counts or sperm type abnormalities 
  • Inexplicable infertility.

Parents may also choose IVF if they are at risk for transmitting a genetic disorder to their children. A medical laboratory must test the embryos for genetic defects. A surgeon can only implants embryos without genetic defects.

How Do I Prepare for In Vitro Fertilization?

Before IVF starts, women must first be screened for ovarian reserve. This requires taking a sample of the blood and checking for follicle hormone stimulation (FSH). The test results will tell your doctor about the size and consistency of your eggs.

The doctor is always going to scan for the vagina. A high-frequency sound wave would be used to create an picture of your womb. The doctor can also implant the vagina and uterus with a device. Both tests will demonstrate the uterine safety and allow the physician to decide whether the embryos are best inserted.

Men will need sperm tests. It includes the provision of a semen sample for the sperm number, size and shape to be checked by a laboratory.A procedure called intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) may be required if sperm is low or damaged. The technician injects sperm directly into the egg at ICSI. In the IVF process, ICSI should be involved.

Fertility Doctor with a Microscope, Stockvideoklipp på (helt royaltyfria ...

It is a very personal decision to choose IVF. A variety of variables must be taken into account. 

What are you going to do with unused embryos? 

How many embryos are you involved in transferring? The higher the risk of embryos being moved, the greater the chance of multiple pregnancies. More than two embryos will not be moved by most doctors. 

  • How do you feel about twins, triplets, or multiple pregnancies in the higher-order? 
  • What about the ethical and emotional problems with the use of blood, sperm, and embryos or a substitute?
  • What are IVF-related social , physical and emotional stresses?

How Is In Vitro Fertilization Performed?

The IVF involves five steps: 

  • Stimulus 
  • Egg recovery 
  • Inseminate 
  • Culture of embryos 
  • Switch Switch.

During any menstrual cycle, a woman usually produces an egg. IVF needs several eggs, however. The use of multiple eggs increases the odds of a viable embryo growing. You will obtain fertility medicines to increase the body’s number of eggs. Your doctor will do daily blood tests and ultrasounds during this period so that you can monitor the development of the eggs and let your doctor know when to recover them.

Egg Retrieval

Egg regeneration is referred to as follicular aspiration. This is a procedure done with anesthesia. The doctor will use an ultrasound wand to direct the vagina through the ovary and an egg follicle. Eggs and fluid are drained from each follicle.


The male partner will now offer a sample of semen. A technician mixes the sperm in a petri dish with the eggs. Your doctor may want to use ICSI if it does not produce embryos.

Embryo Culture

The male partner will now offer a sample of semen. A technician mixes the sperm in a petri dish with the eggs. Your doctor may want to use ICSI if it does not produce embryos.


They can be inserted when the embryos are big enough. This typically happens 3 to 5 days after fertilization. Implantation includes inserting in your vagina, through your cervix, and into your uterus a thin tube called a catheter. Your doctor will then release the embryo into your womb.

Pregnancy happens as the embryo implants in the wall of the uterus. This can take six to ten days. Whether you are pregnant, a blood test will decide. If you want IUI you can opt iui treatment in chennai.


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